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What’s New in SPSS Statistics 27

SPSS 27 Featured Image
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This post originally appeared on the IBM Community page and is republished with permission.

Today we are proud to announce the general availability of SPSS Statistics 27. This release introduces new statistical tests, enhancements to existing procedures and functional enhancements that will improve everyday usability. Beginning with this release, we've also expanded the Base Edition, providing all customers more statistical functionality and data preparation capabilities, within our easy to use, point-and-click user interface.

Below is an overview of What’s New in SPSS Statistics 27:

  • Base Edition Changes: Data Preparation and Bootstrapping functionality
  • New Statistics: Power Analysis procedures and Weighted Kappa
  • Procedure Enhancements: Effect size enhancements and MATRIX improvements
  • Everyday Usability Improvements: New features and functionality enhancements

Base Edition Changes

Data Preparation and Bootstrapping functionality

Beginning with SPSS Statistics 27, we’re including both the Data Preparation module and Bootstrapping module in the Base Edition. This change gives all customers with Statistics 27 access to powerful Data Preparation and Bootstrapping capabilities at no additional cost, across all our license types (see chart below).

SPSS 27 Comparision Chart

The Data Preparation module brings a suite of capabilities to help you get your data ready quickly so you can focus on analysis. Preparing data is an essential task that can become time intensive and repetitive. Data Preparation capabilities can help you eliminate manual processes with automation, rule-based data validation, anomaly detection, optimal binning capabilities and more. This module was previously only available in the Professional Edition, or purchased as an add-on.

The Bootstrapping module enables you to run bootstrapping analysis from various procedural sub-dialogs. Bootstrapping is a resampling method used to measure accuracy (bias, variance, confidence intervals, prediction error) of a sample estimates. Bootstrapping can help uncover properties of estimators for an ‘unknown’ population that might’ve been sampled. This module was previously only available in the Premium Edition or purchased as an add-on.

Bootstrapping module

New Statistics

Power Analysis: 11 new procedures

Power analysis plays a pivotal role in a study plan, design, and conduction. A priori sample size and power analysis can help determine optimum sample sizes for a study or project. When data is difficult or expensive to gather, it is important to know how many observations are necessary for an acceptable probability of detecting specified effects. SPSS Statistics 27 introduces 11 new power analysis procedures to help determine the optimal sample size.

All power analysis procedures enable calculation of power for specified sample sizes and sample sizes required to achieve desired power. The power analysis feature includes extensive graphical capabilities for displaying power as a function of effect sizes and sample sizes, including 3-dimensional plots displaying power as a function of effect sizes and sample sizes.

11 new procedures

Weighted Kappa procedure

Also known as Cohen’s weighted kappa, this analytical method is widely used to summarize inter-rater agreement on an ordinal scale and enables the use of weighting schemes to describe the closeness of agreement between raters. SPSS Statistics 27 introduces the following weighted versions of Cohen’s weighted kappa, which is appropriate for ordinal rating scales:

  • Linear weighting
  • Quadratic weighting
  • Confidence intervals for all kappa coefficients
Weighted Kappa

Procedural Enhancements

Effect Sizes

SPSS Statistics 27 includes additional effect sizes. Effect size enhancements to the t-test and one-way procedures add effect size estimates and confidence intervals for one-sample t-tests, independent-sample t-tests, paired samples t-tests, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and custom contrasts in one-way ANOVAs. Effect size options will be present in the procedure setup dialog.

T-test SPSS 27

MATRIX and Quantile Regression enhancements

SPSS Statistics 27 also includes enhancements to the MATRIX procedure for advanced users to match options available outside the MATRIX function, to simplify programming of procedures, and reduce the need to use the COMPUTE command. The new release also includes UI improvements to extend the Quantile Regression procedure to support a grid of quantiles.

Everyday Usability Improvements

SPSS Statistics 27 introduces new features and functionality improvements that aims to improve everyday usability and overall productivity.

Search: Get work done faster with a new search feature in the toolbar. Quickly find in-app dialogs, procedures, syntax commands and discover online help resources using the new search feature.

AutoRecovery: Minimize inadvertent data loss with automatic user-sessions saved locally. This feature will enabled by default for most working sessions.

Output enhancements

A new bubble chart extends the scatterplot functionality, enabling you to bring a fourth dimension into your reports and visualizations. The size of each circle (bubble) is proportional to its value and bubble charts are useful for comparing relationships in data.

Bubble Chart SPSS 27

SPSS Statistics 27 also makes it easier to generate APA style table output from popular procedures like Bivariate Corellations, Crosstabs and Frequencies. This release also introduces charting enhancements, improving usability of to the chart builder, chart templates and chart editor.

Other enhancements

We’ve introduced a modern application UI theme and color palettes in SPSS Statistics. Windows users may notice a default ‘SPSS Light’ theme, enabled by default.

If you prefer to revert back to the previous theme, you can switch easily by navigating to Edit -> Options -> Windows -> Look and feel -> ‘SPSS Standard’.

SPSS Light

If you prefer, you may revert to the old experience through the Options menu.

We’ve also added an internet enabled Welcome Screen, that will periodically fetch news, products and security updates that may be relevant for you. Keep an eye on this space occasionally for new content.

SPSS Statistics 27 also ships with the latest version of Python 3.8.2 to meet updated security requirements. Note, there are some changes between Python 2 and Python 3 that may cause compatibility issues. If you have script and code written in a previously supported Python 2.X version, you will get a warning; you may install Python 2.X following guidance published here.

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